32 fun facts for June, 23

Discover dozens of fun facts for this special day. Read the summary for a quick recap on what happened.
June 23rd marks many diverse events and accomplishments in history, from the Scottish victory at the Battle of Bannockburn, to the establishment of the Canadian Pacific Railway or Dr. James Hansen's landmark testimony on climate change in 1988. Celebrate June 23rd by remembering these significant moments and key milestones that have helped shape our world.
32 Fun facts
  1. June 23, 1314: The Battle of Bannockburn begins. The battle was a significant victory for the Scots, led by Robert the Bruce, over the English led by King Edward II, during the First Scottish War of Independence.
  2. June 23, 1532: Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn's engagement. On this day, the famous King of England and Anne Boleyn secretly engaged in marriage, causing religious turmoil and the creation of the Church of England.
  3. June 23, 1611: The execution of Sir Thomas Overbury. Overbury, an English poet and essayist, was poisoned due to the infamous Overbury scandal that involved the marriage of his friend and Lord Somerset, Robert Carr.
  4. June 23, 1661: Confirmation of the first and only Earl of Holland. Charles II of England confirmed Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, who was a prominent courtier during the reigns of James I and Charles I.
  5. June 23, 1757: The Battle of Plassey happens. This event marked a significant British victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, beginning the British East India Company’s domination over Bengal and India.
  6. June 23, 1780: British forces land at Springfield, New Jersey. This marked part of the Revolutionary War, when the British and Hessian forces battled with the Continental Army - but, unlike others, without major casualties.
  7. June 23, 1810: John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company. The company, which was part of Astor's American Fur Company, played a significant role in the early history of Oregon, particularly in the fur trade.
  8. June 23, 1812: Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman's River. This event marked the beginning of the Russian campaign, which ultimately led to Napoleon's downfall.
  9. June 23, 1848: The beginning of the June Days Uprising in France. The June Days Uprising represented the last and the bloodiest revolt among the working class during the French Revolutionary era, leading to a violent suppression by the French Army.
  10. June 23, 1860: The US Congress established the Government Printing Office. This is an important moment in American democracy as the Government Printing Office is responsible for publishing official government documents.
  11. June 23, 1865: Confederate General Stand Watie surrenders. He was the last Confederate General to surrender at the end of the American Civil War.
  12. June 23, 1887: The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed. It connected Canada's railways from coast to coast, facilitating the growth and development of the country.
  13. June 23, 1902: The first automobile race in the United States was held. It took place in a park in Chicago, Illinois, and was organized by automobile enthusiast H.H. Kohlsaat.
  14. June 23, 1926: The first SAT exam is administered. The Scholastic Aptitude Test (now Scholastic Assessment Test), designed by psychometrician Carl Brigham and first administered to over 8,000 college applicants, went on to become a pivotal part of college admissions.
  15. June 23, 1931: Wiley Post and Harold Gatty begin the first around-the-world airplane flight. The adventure took off from Roosevelt Field, New York, and the duo traveled over 15,000 miles in just over eight days.
  16. June 23, 1938: The Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA) is established in the United States. This agency was responsible for overseeing civil aviation in the country and set the stage for modern commercial air travel.
  17. June 23, 1947: The United States Senate overrides President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act. This controversial labor relations legislation restricted workers' rights to strike and provided the framework for current labor law.
  18. June 23, 1956: Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected as the President of Egypt. Nasser, widely regarded as one of the most important political figures in 20th-century Egypt, played a significant role in shaping the country's politics and Arab nationalism.
  19. June 23, 1959: Convicted spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed. The couple was found guilty of passing secret information about the US atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
  20. June 23, 1960: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves Enovid for use as the first oral contraceptive pill. The development of Enovid had a significant impact on women's reproductive health and family planning.
  21. June 23, 1961: The Antarctic Treaty officially comes into force. The treaty sets aside Antarctica for scientific research and effectively bans military activity on the continent.
  22. June 23, 1967: President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin meet in Glassboro, New Jersey, marking a thaw in US-Soviet relations during the Cold War.
  23. June 23, 1969: IBM announces that it will no longer bundle hardware and software. This decision ushered in a new era of competition among computer manufacturers and software companies.
  24. June 23, 1972: Title IX is signed into law by President Richard Nixon. This law is a groundbreaking civil rights legislation that prohibits gender discrimination in educational programs and activities receiving federal funding.
  25. June 23, 1988: Dr. James Hansen testifies before the US Senate on the dangers of climate change. His testimony helped bring global warming to the forefront of public discussion and policy debate.
  26. June 23, 1991: Sonic the Hedgehog is released. The popular video game character became a cultural icon and the mascot for Sega, sparking massive success for the gaming company.
  27. June 23, 1993: The United Nations Environment Programme celebrates the first World Oceans Day. This day is now observed annually, aimed at raising awareness of the importance of protecting and conserving the world's oceans and marine resources.
  28. June 23, 2004: The International Whaling Commission bans commercial whaling in the South Atlantic Ocean. This decision marked a significant step in the conservation of whale species in the region.
  29. June 23, 2005: Tom Cruise infamously jumps on Oprah's couch during an interview. This moment, prompted by Cruise's excitement over his new relationship with Katie Holmes, became a viral sensation, and cultural moment.
  30. June 23, 2010: American multidisciplinary researcher John Keith Hefner patents a method for predicting earthquakes. The development of prediction techniques is of paramount importance for the safety of populations residing in seismically active zones.
  31. June 23, 2016: The United Kingdom votes to leave the European Union. The Brexit referendum led to significant political and economic changes, with the UK formally leaving the EU on January 1st, 2021.
  32. June 23: International Women in Engineering Day. This day is celebrated to raise awareness and recognize the achievements of women in engineering and encourage young women to consider careers in this traditionally male-dominated field.